IEEE - Paper Format Guide

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If you are a student of engineering especially electrical and electronics engineering or have any major in computer science or information technology, then you may be familiar with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) format. IEEE format is based on the Chicago style. It is widely used in the research papers written in technical fields like engineering and computer science. If you are a student of any of the relevant fields and are not familiar with the IEEE format, you should probably read the IEEE guidelines. But if you do not want to read the whole document of guidelines, you should at least read this article, so that your paper can be accepted.

Basic Format of the Paper

Papers written according to the standard IEEE format has the following sections:

  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Index Terms
  • Introduction
  • Body of the paper
  • Conclusion
  • Note to Practitioners (optional)
  • References
  • Photos and bibliographies

General guidelines

  • At the top of the first page, you should mention the title of the paper with a font size of 24 pt.
  • Below the title of the paper, you should write the byline after giving a line break. It should be in 10 pt font size. A byline should have the following information in separate lines:
    • Name of the author(s)
    • Their affiliation(s)
    • Location of the authors (name of the city and state)
    • Contact information (email address)
  • The whole text of the paper should be 10 pt. font size. The text should be presented in two columns.
  • On the last page, both columns should be of equal length. This can be easily done by simply adding a column break at the end of the body of your paper.
  • You should provide an abstract of your paper in the beginning.
  • The abstract should be followed by index terms.
  • Depending on the field of study and nature of paper, if required, you can add the following sections to your paper:
    • Nomenclature
    • Appendix
    • Acknowledgments
    • Note to the practitioners
  • If you are to divide your paper into subsections, you must use IEEE guidelines for various levels of headings
  • If you are using any images, charts, or tables in your paper, you must number them and centrally align them in whichever column they are appearing.


IEEE stipulates the essay writer to provide a brief abstract of the paper in the beginning. It should be written very precisely in a single paragraph, ranging from fifty to two hundred words. To write an effective abstract you should use a few of the keywords in it.

Index terms

The abstract is followed by index terms in IEEE citation style formatted papers. They are like keywords and help the publishing house, journals or editors to put your paper in the appropriate category. They are written in alphabetical order in boldface.


If you are including subsections in your paper, you should know how to use different levels of headings.

  • Primary headings: These are centrally aligned, enumerated with Roman numerals with a period.
  • Secondary Headings: These are left-aligned and written in italics, without an indent. These are separated from the text with a line break and enumerated with Capital alphabets with the period.
  • Tertiary headings: These are left-aligned with one indent, enumerated by Arabic numerals with parenthesis.
  • Quaternary Headings: These are like tertiary headings except the fact that they are enumerated with the lowercase alphabet and have two indents.
  • Special Headings: These are treated like primary headings. However, these are not enumerated.


If you have included many key terms, symbols, and variables that are hard to understand, you should provide their definitions under this heading.

Note to practitioners

This is optional but if you are adding this to your paper, you should know that it follows the abstract. You should explain the practical application of your research in this section.

However, if you still need help, contact an essay writing service and get done with your citations.

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