Debates can be a great way to increase your speaking and writing skills. It increases an opportunity to listen and speak in class, which is why debate writing requires proper structure to support your argument and present it clearly against other sides of an issue or topic.
Some people are not aware of the many different types of debate. Therefore, read this blog post and learn about them to make a perfect speech for whichever occasion you find yourself in.
A debate is an organized argument where two sides discuss the topic from different perspectives. This can be a contest between people, ideas, or concepts.
The "Pro" side believes they have all possible answers while conversely believes their opponents don't know what's best for them. However, rather than simply argue back-and-forth without any sense of logic, debaters must use examples/evidence as well.
The aim of a debate is not just to convince the opposition but also to understand why you are right. Therefore, when both sides can agree on something or one side's arguments sound more convincing than others, that will ultimately decide who wins this argument in a debate. In a formal debate, the mediator will decide who wins. However, in an informal debate, it can go on until one side gives up.
Moreover, a well-written debate will leave an impression on the audience that lasts for quite some time. The proper format and structure are necessary to write a speech, so you can easily grab the reader's attention from start to finish.
Debates are a way for people to argue their points of view. They can be used at any level, including high school, collegiate levels, and in the political arena.
Let’s discuss them in detail.
The purpose of a parliamentary debate is to support or attack potential legislation. They cannot be postponed or delayed because of a lack of research, and it greatly stresses logic and persuasiveness - two important qualities for any good debater.
Moreover, it is the most common type of debate used in parliament and assemblies because it has similarities to British parliament debates.
You will be given 15-20 minutes before each round to prepare your debate, and you are only allowed to bring pen and paper with you into the prep room.
A round of parliamentary debates consists of six speeches: four constructive ones and two rebuttal speeches.
The following are the speeches and their times:
|Member of Government Constructive (MG)||8 min.|
|Prime Minister Rebuttal (PMR)||5 min.|
|Prime Minister Constructive (PMC)||7 min.|
|Member of Opposition Constructive (MO)||8 min.|
The oldest, still popular type of debate in the United States is team policy. The teams are made up of two debaters who compete against each other in eight speeches, four constructive and four rebuttals, plus cross-examination, presenting large amounts of evidence quickly with coherency.
Moreover, it is the most common type of debate in high school and colleges. It is focused on evidence gathering and organizational ability. It's important to know that the cross-examination period can also be used as a strategy in order to defeat your opponent.
Cross-examination is a new type of college debate that takes place between speeches. It can be considered the procedure where an opponent debater asks questions to clarify better and understand their opponent’s point.
A cross-examination debate provides you with an opportunity to engage your opponent and demonstrate that you are confident in speaking persuasively.
The Lincoln-Douglas debate is a one on one and an open-style debate. Its main purpose is not just to persuade but also to clearly and logically argue one's point. It provides an open platform for people from all walks of life to voice their viewpoints freely.
To avoid the rote memorization and repetition many young debaters face, they should focus on logical reasoning to support a general principle. Also, the Lincoln-Douglas format is not complex.
Spontaneous argumentation (SPAR) debate is a great way for students to build their speaking and debating skills. The debaters draw topics at random, then spend just minutes preparing what they'll say. They focus more on presentation than content because there's no need for research-heavy arguments in these kinds of discussions.
Preparing this type of speech seems less daunting than other speeches where you require an extensive amount of time.
Public forum debate is a great way to get engaged and learn about current events. It includes two teams of debaters who argue on controversial monthly topics.
The round begins when one team wins a coin toss between themselves (either Pro or Con). Then, they will have 3 minutes before presenting arguments. It consists of eight speeches total, and the judge decides the winner.
Also, this debate is a great way to test students' argumentative and cross-examination skills.
Academic debate is a great way to develop your educational skills and learn about new topics. The choice of format can take from many different speeches, like Lincoln Douglas.
With debate competition, students learn how to prove their point of view in front of others. Also, improve writing and thinking skills.
It is also known as a presidential debate where the candidates expose themselves to potential voters. They are broadcast on radio, and the internet lives by media corporations or organizations not associated with any government body.
In the constructive speech, you want to support your main arguments with evidence and reasoning. To do this effectively, you must introduce in an interesting way that captures the audience’s attention.
Here are some tips for giving an engaging speech in front of an audience.
Choosing the correct debate type is indeed confusing for most students. But if you want a great chance at winning your argument, you must know the debate type and prepare with confidence and clarity from start to finish.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Here are some common techniques of debating:
The three main types of argument are:
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